How Does The Alabama Circuit Court Work? | CourtRecords.org
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How Does The Alabama Circuit Court Work?

The Alabama judicial system is divided into 41 circuits. Circuit Courts are the state’s trial courts of general jurisdiction, and they are also the only jury trial courts in the Alabama court system.

Alabama Circuit Courts are the highest courts at the county level, and they have general superintendence over the other trial courts in the state’s judicial system. These Courts have general jurisdiction over all criminal and civil cases heard in Alabama, and they typically handle cases that fall out of the jurisdiction of the other trial courts. These types of cases include:

  • All felony cases and some misdemeanor or ordinance violations that are included within a felony charge or are part of the same incident as a felony charge (Circuit Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts in felony cases where a guilty plea is entered. This only happens in felony cases that are not punishable by a death sentence)
  • Civil cases where the matter in controversy is more than $10,000. This amount does not include interest and costs (Circuit Courts have exclusive original jurisdiction over these types of cases)
  • Civil cases where the matter in controversy is more than $3,000, excluding interest and costs (Circuit Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over these types of cases)
  • Domestic relations cases
  • Juvenile cases; (Alabama Circuit Courts maintain a separate docket for these cases. In some counties, these dockets are referred to as Juvenile Courts or Family Courts. Some Family Courts may also hear paternity, child custody, and child support cases)

In addition to this, Circuit Courts also hear appeals from decisions rendered in the state’s District, Probate and Municipal Courts.

There are 146 Circuit Court judges spread out across 41 circuits in the Alabama court system. To be eligible to become an Alabama Circuit Court judge, the legal practitioner must be licensed to practice by the Alabama State Bar Association, and the bar association of another state where applicable, for a combined total of at least five years.

Also, prospective Circuit Court judges must have lived in the circuit for at least 12 months before the elections or appointment. Judges are elected in partisan elections to a six-year term. When there is a vacancy, the position is filled by a qualified individual appointed by the state governor. Vacancies may occur due to the resignation, removal from office, retirement, or death of a Circuit Court judge. Judges in the state of Alabama are not allowed to seek re-election once they turn 70.

In Alabama Circuit Courts, the average age at disposition for cases is 164 days. Persons who wish to access Alabama Circuit Court records can contact the Circuit Clerk’s office in the county where the court case was filed and heard. Requesters are typically required to pay a nominal fee for each request.

Circuit Courts can be found at the following locations:

Autauga County Circuit Court

134 N Court St

Suite 114

Prattville, AL 36067

Phone: (334) 358–6801

Baldwin County Circuit Court

312 Courthouse Square

Suite 10

Bay Minette, AL 36507

Phone: (251) 937–9561

Baldwin County Circuit Court - Fairhope Satellite Courthouse

1100 Fairhope Ave

Fairhope, AL 36532

Phone: (251) 928–3002

Baldwin County Circuit Court - Foley Satellite Courthouse

201 E Section Ave

Foley, AL 36535

Phone: (251) 943–5061

Barbour County Circuit Court 1

1 Court Square

P. O. Box 219

Clayton, AL 36106

Phone: (334) 775–8366

Barbour County Circuit Court 2

303 E Broad St

Eufaula, AL 36027

Phone: (334) 687–1500

Bibb County Circuit Court

35 Court Square E

P. O. Box 185

Centreville, AL 35042

Phone: (205) 926–3103

Blount County Circuit Court

Blount County Courthouse

220 2nd Ave E

Suite 208,

Oneonta, AL 35121

Phone: (205) 625–4153

Bullock County Circuit Court

217 N Prairie St

P. O. Box 230

Union Springs, AL 36089

Phone: (334) 738–2280

Butler County Circuit Court

700 Court Square

P. O. Box 236

Greenville, AL 36037

Phone: (334) 382–7166

Calhoun County Circuit Court

25 W 11th St

Anniston, AL 36201

Phone: (256) 231–1750

Chambers County Circuit Court

2 S La Fayette St

La Fayette, AL 36862

Phone: (334) 864–4348

Chambers County Circuit Court - Lanett Annex

610 S Gilmer Ave

Lanett, AL 36863

Phone: (334) 644–7068

Cherokee County Circuit Court

Cherokee County Courthouse

100 Main St

Suite 203

Centre, AL 35960

Phone: (256) 927–3637

Chilton County Circuit Court

500 2nd Ave N

P. O. Box 1946

Clanton, AL 35046

Phone: (205) 755–4275

Choctaw County Circuit Court

117 S Mulberry St

P. O. Box 428

Butler, AL 36904

Phone: (205) 459–2155

Clarke County Circuit Court

Clarke County Courthouse

114 Court St

P. O. Box 921

Grove Hill, AL 36451

Phone: (251) 275–3363

Clay County Circuit Court

Clay County Courthouse

25 Court Square

P. O. Box 816

Ashland, AL 36251

Phone: (256) 354–7926

Cleburne County Circuit Court

Cleburne County Courthouse

120 Vickery St

Suite 202

Heflin, AL 36264

Phone: (256) 463–2651

Coffee County Circuit Court - Elba

230 Court Ave

Elba, AL 36323

Phone: (334) 897–2954

Coffee County Circuit Court - Enterprise

101 S Edwards Street

Enterprise, AL 36330

Phone: (334) 347–2519

Colbert County Circuit Court

Colbert County Courthouse

201 N Main Street

P. O. Box 740370

Tuscumbia, AL 35674

Phone: (256) 314–5854

Conecuh County Circuit Court

111 Court Street

Suite 203

Evergreen, AL 36401

Phone: (251) 578–2066

Coosa County Circuit Court

100 Main Street

P. O. Box 98

Rockford, AL 35136

Phone: (256) 377–4988

Covington County Circuit Court

Covington County Courthouse

1-K N Court Square

Andalusia, AL 36420

Phone: (334) 428–2520

Crenshaw County Circuit Court

Crenshaw County Courthouse

29 S Glenwood Avenue

P. O. Box 167

Luverne, AL 36049

Phone: (334) 335–6575

Cullman County Circuit Court

Cullman County Courthouse

500 2nd Avenue SW

Suite 303

Cullman, AL 35055

Phone: (256) 775–4654

Dale County Circuit Court

Dale County Courthouse

100 E Court Square

P. O. Box 1350

Ozark, AL 36361

Phone: (334) 774–5003

Dallas County Circuit Court

Dallas County Courthouse

105 Lauderdale Street

P. O. Box 327

Selma, AL 36702

Phone: (334) 874–2523

DeKalb County Circuit Court

DeKalb County Courthouse

300 Grand Avenue S

Suite 200,

P. O. Box 681149

Fort Payne, AL 35968

Phone: (256) 845–8525

Elmore County Circuit Court

Elmore County Judicial Complex

8935 US Highway 231

Wetumpka, AL 36092

Phone: (334) 567–1156

Escambia Circuit Court

Escambia County Courthouse

314 Belleville Avenue

P. O. Box 856

Brewton, AL 36427

Phone: (251) 867–0225

Etowah County Circuit Court

Etowah County Courthouse

801 Forrest Avenue

Suite 202

Gadsden, AL 35901

Phone: (256) 549–2150

Fayette County Circuit Court

Fayette County Courthouse

113 Temple Avenue N

P. O. Box 509

Fayette, AL 35555

Phone: (205) 932–4617

Franklin County Circuit Court

Franklin County Courthouse

410 N Jackson Avenue

P. O. Box 160

Russellville, AL 35653

Phone: (256) 332–8861

Geneva County Circuit Court

Geneva County Courthouse

200 N Commerce Street

P. O. Box 86

Geneva, AL 36340

Phone: (334) 684–5620

Greene County Circuit Court

Greene County Courthouse

400 Morrow Avenue

P. O. Box 307

Eutaw, AL 35462

Phone: (205) 372–3598

Hale County Circuit Court

Hale County Courthouse

1001 Main Street

P. O. Box 99

Greensboro, AL 36744

Phone: (334) 624–4334

Henry County Circuit Court

Henry County Courthouse

101 Court Square

Suite J

Abbeville, AL 36310

Phone: (334) 585–2753

Houston County Circuit Court

Houston County Courthouse

114 N Oates Street

Dothan, AL 36303

Phone: (334) 677–4805

Jackson County Circuit Court

Jackson County Courthouse

102 E Laurel Street

P. O. Box 397

Scottsboro, AL 35768

Phone: (256) 574–9320

Jefferson County Circuit Court 1

Jefferson County Courthouse

716 Richard Arrington Jr. Boulevard N

Birmingham, AL 35203

Phone: (205) 325–5355

(Civil cases, including small claims, are heard at this location)

Jefferson County Circuit Court 2

Jefferson County Criminal Justice Center

801 Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd N

Birmingham, AL 35203

Phone: (205) 325–5285

(Criminal cases, including traffic cases, are heard at this location)

Jefferson County Circuit Court 3

2124 7th Ave N

Birmingham, AL 35203

Phone: (205) 325–5400

(Domestic relations cases are heard at this location)

Jefferson County Circuit Court 4

Bessemer Justice Center

1851 2nd Avenue N

Bessemer, AL 35020

Phone: (205) 497–8510

(Criminal, civil, domestic relations, small claims, and traffic cases are heard at this location)

Jefferson County Family Court 1

1801 3rd Avenue N

Bessemer, AL 35020

Phone: (205) 744–3500

(Child support and juvenile cases are heard at this location)

Jefferson County Family Court 2

120 2nd Court N

Birmingham, AL 35204

Phone: (205) 325–5491

(Child support and juvenile cases are heard at this location)

Lamar County Circuit Court

Lamar County Courthouse

330 1st Street NE

P. O. Box 434

Vernon, AL 35592

Phone: (205) 695–7193

Lauderdale County Circuit Court

Lauderdale County Courthouse

200 S Court Street

P. O. Box 776

Florence, AL 35631

Phone: (256) 760–5728

Lawrence County Circuit Court

Lawrence County Judicial and Administrative Annex

14451 Market Street

P. O. Box 249

Moulton, AL 35650

Phone: (256) 974–2438

Lee County Circuit Court

T. K. Davis Justice Center Complex

2311 Gateway Drive

Suite 104

Opelika, AL 36801

Phone: (334) 749–7141

Limestone County Circuit Court

Limestone County Courthouse

200 W Washington Street

Athens, AL 35611

Phone: (256) 233–6406

Lowndes Circuit Court

Lowndes County Courthouse

1 S Washington Street

P. O. Box 876

Hayneville, AL 36040

Phone: (334) 548–2252

Macon County Circuit Court

101 E Rosa Parks Avenue

Tuskegee, AL 36083

Phone: (334) 724–2614

Madison County Circuit Court

Madison County Courthouse

100 North Side Square

Huntsville, AL 35801

Phone: (256) 532–3380

Marengo County Circuit Court

Marengo County Courthouse

101 E Coats Avenue

Linden, AL 36748

Phone: (334) 295–2219

Marion County Circuit Court

Marion County Courthouse

132 Military Street S

P. O. Box 1595

Hamilton, AL 35570

Phone: (205) 921–1943

Marshall County Circuit Court 1

Marshall County Courthouse

424 Blount Avenue

Guntersville, AL 35976

Phone: (256) 571–7785

Marshall County Circuit Court 2

Marshall County Courthouse

200 W Main Street

Albertville, AL 35950

Phone: (256) 878–4521

Mobile County Circuit Court

Government Plaza

205 Government Street

Suite 913

Mobile, AL 36644

Phone: (251) 574–8806

Mobile County Family Court

Strickland Youth Facility

2315 Costarides Street

Mobile, AL 36617

Phone: (251) 574–1450

(This court handles juvenile matters)

Montgomery County Circuit Court

Montgomery County Courthouse

251 S Lawrence Street

P. O. Box 1667

Montgomery, AL 36102

Phone: (334) 832–1260

Montgomery County Circuit Court - Juvenile

Montgomery County Youth Facility

1111 Air Base Boulevard

Montgomery, AL 36108

Phone: (334) 261–4100

Monroe County Circuit Court

Monroe County Courthouse

65 N Alabama Avenue

Suite 220

Monroeville, AL 36460

Phone: (251) 743–2283

Morgan County Circuit Court

Morgan County Courthouse

302 Lee Street NE

P. O. Box 668

Decatur, AL 35602

Phone: (256) 351–4643 (Civil)

Phone: (256) 351–4644 (Criminal/Traffic)

Phone: (256) 351–4790 (Family)

Perry County Circuit Court

Perry County Courthouse

300 Washington Street

P. O. Box 505

Marion, AL 36756

Phone: (334) 683–6106

Pickens County Circuit Court

Pickens County Courthouse

20 Phoenix Avenue

P. O. Box 418

Carrollton, AL 35447

Phone: (205) 367–2050

Pike County Circuit Court

Pike County Courthouse

120 W Church Street

Troy, AL 36081

Phone: (334) 566–5113

Randolph County Circuit Court

Randolph County Courthouse

1 Main Street S

P. O. Box 328

Wedowee, AL 36278

Phone: (256) 357–4551

Russell County Circuit Court

Russell County Judicial Center

501 14th Street

Phenix City, AL 36867

Phone: (334) 298–6028

Shelby County Circuit Court

Shelby County Courthouse

112 N Main Street

P. O. Box 1810

Columbiana, AL 35051

Phone: (205) 669–3760

St. Clair County Circuit Court 1

St. Clair County Courthouse

100 6th Avenue

Suite 400

Ashville, AL 35953

Phone: (205) 594–2184

St. Clair County Circuit Court 2

1815 Cogswell Avenue

Pell City, AL 35125

Phone: (205) 338–2511

Sumter County Circuit Court

Sumter County Courthouse

P. O. Box 936

Livingston, AL 35470

Phone: (205) 652–2291

Talladega County Circuit Court 1

400 N Norton Avenue

P. O. Box 183

Sylacauga, AL 35150

Phone: (256) 761–2103 ext. 1208

Talladega County Circuit Court 2

148 East Street N

P. O. Box 6137

Talladega, AL 35161

Phone: (256) 761–2103 ext. 1208

Tallapoosa County Circuit Court 1

Tallapoosa County Courthouse

1 Court Square

P. O. Box 189

Alexander City, AL 35011

Phone: (256) 234–4361

Tallapoosa County Circuit Court 2

Tallapoosa County Courthouse

125 N Broadnax Street

Dadeville, AL 36853

Phone: (256) 825–1098

Tuscaloosa County Circuit Court

Tuscaloosa County Courthouse

714 Greensboro Avenue

Tuscaloosa, AL 35401

Phone: (205) 349–3870 ext. 259

Walker County Circuit Court

1801 3rd Avenue S

P. O. Box 1389

Jasper, AL 35502

Phone: (205) 384–7268

Washington County Circuit Court

Washington County Courthouse

1 Court Street

P. O. Box 548

Chatom, AL 36518

Phone: (251) 847–2239

Wilcox County Circuit Court

Wilcox County Courthouse Annex

12 Water Street

P. O. Box 608

Camden, AL 36726

Phone: (334) 682–4126

Winston County Circuit Court

Winston County Courthouse Annex

P. O. Box 309

Double Springs, AL 35553

Phone: (205) 489–5533

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